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Things you should know before visiting Nepal

Nepal is a tiny, landlocked country surrounded by its two giant neighbors, China on the north, and India on the south, east, and west. When it comes to adventure travel, Nepal is one of the best destinations in the world with its challenging trekking routes, breath-taking glaciers, and picturesque valleys that leave even the best writers speechless. Visiting Nepal is a unique experience, but there are certainly some things to know before visiting Nepal. I visited Nepal three times and learned a lot about this magnificent country and in this post, I’ll share some of the things I wish I knew before visiting Nepal for the first time. Hopefully, these tips will make your trip to Nepal a lot easier.

Information about getting a Nepal visa

nepal visa policy

Getting a visa for Nepal is super-easy. If you arrive by flight, you can get your visa on arrival at the airport (applies to most nationalities). A 15-day visa costs $25, a 30-day visa costs $40, and a 90-day visa costs $100. The good thing about all Nepal visas is that they are multiple-entry by default which means you can venture into India or China and come back before your visa expires.

If you’re crossing by bus from India or China, you can also get a visa on arrival. All major border crossings have counters that issue your visa on the spot as you’re crossing the border. During my second visit, I entered Nepal through India early in the morning and got my visa at this barrack that looked like the consul’s home. I had to wait for like 20 minutes for him to wake up and wash his face but eventually, he issued my visa while drinking his morning chai and wearing a sleeveless t-shirt and a towel. It was by far, the most peculiar yet interesting visa application experience ever.

Pro tip: Don’t exchange Nepalese money to pay for the visa and don’t believe anyone who tries to convince you otherwise. All visa payments are completed in USD. Currency exchange shops on the border and at the airport have very bad rates.

What about visa extension?

A lot of travelers fall in love with Nepal and end up staying longer than what they initially planned. If you want to do this, here’s what you need to do. First, you need to fill in this visa extension form. Second, print it out and prepare a passport photocopy, a passport-size photograph, and your original passport and take it to the Immigration office. You can do this in Kathmandu or Pokhara. Third, pass the quick interview (but prepare to wait a lot in the meantime), pay the extension fee, and you’re good to go!

Important: A lot of people think that they can just overstay their visas without consequences. If you do this, you will have to pay a fine of $7 for every additional day. If you want to overstay for a day or two, I guess this is an acceptable option but if you want to stay more days, I suggest you apply for an extension.

Do not trek alone

Nepal trekking

No one wants to get off the beaten track on their own more than myself. However, this isn’t a very good idea in Nepal. The number of lost and missing solo travelers in Nepal increases every year. Nepal is home to some of the most remote and wildest terrains in the world and things can be unpredictable, especially when trekking at high altitudes. Additionally, in some parts of Nepal, this can even get you in trouble with the laws; there are certain zones in Nepal in which foreigners are not allowed to trek without a certified guide. More about this below:

Trekking permits in Nepal

kathmandu view

For visiting Nepal’s national parks, you need to acquire a TIMS card (Trekkers Information Management Systems). In addition to this, you need another permit, depending on the region you’re exploring. There’s one permit for Everest Base Camp, another for Annapurna, other for Manaslu, other for Mustang, etc. However, if you decided to book a group tour, you don’t have to worry about this; your tour operator will arrange the permits for you.

I know you must be very excited by trekking the Himalayas. After all, this is why most people are visiting Nepal. But one of the things you should know before visiting Nepal is that…

Nepal has a lot more to offer than just mountains

Sure, Nepal is famous for its majestic mountains but there are some other amazing things to do that don’t include trekking. For example, Nepal’s bustling capital, Kathmandu, is a historic city where three ancient kingdoms meet. The territory that Kathmandu covers today was home to three kingdoms; Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur and all of them have left significant marks on the city.

Additionally, Nepal also boasts ten UNESCO Heritage Sights. Pokhara is also a vibrant and picturesque city, there are several safari parks like the national parks of Chitwan and Bardia, you can go paragliding or bungee jumping at the world’s second-highest bungee jumping spot, and you can also visit Lumbini- the birthplace of Buddha.

And since we’re talking about some not-so-mainstream activities, another tip I can give you is to…

Go beyond Annapurna and Everest

nepal mountains

Sure, Annapurna and Everest are on most people’s bucket list but Nepal has 8 of the top 14 highest mountaintops in the world. Obviously, Everest and Annapurna are the most famous ones but there are other unfrequented trekking routes you can take and fully experience Nepal’s remoteness without hundreds of other tourists trekking around at the same time as you. Some interesting, unfrequented treks include the Manaslu Circuit Trek, the Gokyo-Cho-La Pass, the Tsum Valley Trek, the Kanchenjunga Trail, the Rolwaling Trail, and the Nar Phu Valley Trek.

And if you decide to take one of these treks…

Don’t underestimate altitude sickness

gokyo lake

You can never be too careful if you decide to conquer some of the highest mountains in Nepal. Also, don’t even think to go on such an adventure without the proper equipment and an oxygen tank. Personally, I thought I don’t need to be that cautious when trekking. However, the things I’ve seen happening out there (fortunately none of it happened to me) made me change my mind.

So, never underestimate the wuthering heights of Nepal and don’t even think to travel without travel insurance. If God forbid something happens, your travel insurance can cover your medical costs or the cost of the evacuation (in rare cases). If you’re considering which travel insurance provider to choose, my recommendation is always SafetyWing.

Trekking is not the only way to see the high mountaintops

If you’re not fit enough or simply don’t like trekking, it doesn’t mean you can’t get some spectacular views of Everest and the other breath-taking mountaintops. You can take a short flight from Kathmandu from where you can see the magnificent Mount Everest from the sky. This one-hour tour is perfect for aspiring photographers and the only seats on sale are the window sits, so you’ll surely get a great view. Additionally, if you want to take a longer tour, you can also opt-in for a helicopter tour that takes you to Everest Base Camp.

Forget about schedule

nepal bicycle street

If you’re planning to cram a lot of things in your plan relying on public transport schedule, just don’t. Always leave some buffer time between your plans. Buses are always late, traffic is pretty bad, and trains aren’t even available in most regions; due to the difficult terrain, there are only two railways in Nepal. Also, always be aware of bandhs (strikes); they’re quite common and can sometimes significantly alter your travel plans.

Dusty roads, air pollution, and face masks

things to know before visiting nepal roads

The horrible earthquake of 2015 caused significant material damage, leaving a lot of Nepal’s roads in disrepair. That’s why on many roads, you’ll see many potholes and a lot of dust. This is the main reason why Kathmandu is always one of the 10 most polluted cities in the world and a lot of people in Nepal wear air pollution masks. It’s probably a good idea to get one for your trip.

Water Safety in Nepal

One of the things you should know before visiting Nepal is that you should never drink tap water, even in decent hotels. Also, note that fruits and vegetables might have been washed in contaminated water and this can cause some serious stomach problems. You can always stick to bottled water but if you’re planning to trek in some of Nepal’s more remote regions, you should also know that the higher you go, the more expensive fresh drinking water becomes. That’s why getting a water bottle with a purifier is an absolute must when visiting Nepal.

Prepare for power outages

kathmandu view

Nepal’s power production is struggling to satisfy the demands of the ever-growing population of the country. This results in a lot of unplanned power outages and there are no exceptions to this. It even happened in Green Park Chitwan’s Resort, one of the best resorts in Nepal. So, if this happens, make sure you have a power bank or a solar-powered charger that you can use to charge your devices.

Buff means a buffalo

You’ll see the word “buff” in a lot of Nepalese restaurants. In case you’re wondering what this means, it’s buffalo. The cow is a sacred animal in Hinduism and since the majority of Nepal’s population are Hindus, they eat buffalo meat instead of cow meat

What do the colorful flags represent?

things to know before visiting nepal

Whether you’re exploring the mountains, visiting a mountain village, a temple or roaming around a city, you’ll inevitably notice these multi-color flags (blue, white, red, green, and yellow) waving in the wind. They represent the five elements and the letters inscribed on them are Buddhist prayers.

Don’t expect a lot from Nepal’s nightlife

Nightlife in Nepal isn’t really a thing. There are some clubs but most of them close before 11 PM. The only exception are the bars around Thamel in Kathmandu, but this doesn’t really count since it’s the most touristy part of the capital.

Exchange your rupees before leaving

When you leave Nepal, make sure to exchange all of your Nepali rupees. It’s actually illegal to take Nepali rupees outside of Nepal. I never heard of anyone getting in trouble because of this, but it’s good to be aware of this.

Looking for a cheap flight to Nepal? From my personal experience, Qatar Airways offers the best deals. Save up to 15% more by using this link when booking your flight to Nepal.

A few things to know about Nepali culture

nepal culture festival

Let’s start with the greetings. The traditional greeting in Nepal involves putting your palms together and saying “Namaste” or “Namaskar”. When speaking to an elder person, use the terms “didi” for women and “dai” for men. It’s a sign of respect and people do appreciate it.

Next, before visiting Nepal, you should know that it’s a conservative country and you should avoid wearing revealing clothes, especially when visiting temples. Finally, if someone invites you to their home, always take your shoes off before entering.

As you could see, Nepal has a lot of similarities with India, but if you compare Nepalis to Indians, a lot of people will probably get offended. Another thing India and Nepal still share is…

The Caste system

Unfortunately, castes are still a thing in Nepal and this system influences who people marry, what profession they have, and even what school do they go to. As time passes by, more young and progressive people criticize the system but changes like these always take a lot of time. Talking about castes, did you know that…

Sherpa is actually a caste

When someone says Sherpa, the first things that come to mind are the guides and porters who help hundreds of trekkers every year to conquer some of Nepal’s most remote mountaintops. However, Sherpa is actually an ethnic caste of mountain people who live in the Himalayas. So, not all Sherpa people are porters and guides and not all porters and guides are Sherpa.

Talking about similarities between visiting Nepal and India, another thing the two countries have in common is…

The “tourist tax”

kathmandu streets

Most tourist sights have an entrance fee but the fee for locals and foreigners is very different. Some sights have an entrance fee of 10 rupees for locals and up to 1,000 rupees for foreigners. But to be fair, most of the money charged from tourists goes to rebuilding the sights that were hit by the massive earthquakes of 2015. One great way to minimize these costs is by taking group tours. There are some great budget sightseeing tours on GetYourGuide that can help you save a few bucks while exploring Nepal’s most interesting sights.

And finally, I’m rounding up this list with a quirky fact that’s not a must-know before visiting Nepal but it’s certainly cool to know.

Nepalis do their lifting with their heads

rice basket nepal

If you go trekking or explore some of Nepal’s villages, you’ll inevitably see people carrying their giant rice baskets strapped around their heads. That’s because, in a lot of parts of Nepal, people believe that the head is the strongest part of the body, and as such should do most of the heavy lifting.

Enjoying this post? Then you may also want to check out our Nepal packing list before you start your trip.

A few more things to know before visiting Nepal


Power; 220 volts, 50 Mhz; electrical outlets are the plug type D. You can also find European-style outlets in most tourist places but if you want to stay safe, you can buy a travel adapter.

Vaccinations; Some of the diseases you should be aware of are hepatitis, cholera, and typhoid. However, it’s highly-recommended that you should get travel insurance before you go, especially if you go trekking. My choice for my last trip to Nepal was SafetyWing; you might have to pay a bit more but you’d be protected from anything that can happen while visiting Nepal.

Don’t talk politics; Nepal was a monarchy until 2008 and it’s still a relatively new republic. Keep this in mind if you’re planning to bring up some uncomfortable political topics when conversing with locals.

Flights; When it comes to the cheapest flights to Nepal, from my experience, Qatar Airways has the best deals. You can save up to 15% more if you use this link when booking your flight to Nepal.

Tours; If you’re looking to do some trekking in Nepal, I always recommend Himalaya Hub. Alternatively, if you want to do some sightseeing, you can check out some of GetYourGuide’s affordable options. Personally, I’m not the biggest fan of taking tours while traveling but it’s really hard to do the same activities with a lower budget than the one you’d spend for some of these tours.

Accommodation; If you’re looking for a good bargain for your trip to Nepal, use my discount code and get up to 15% off on all properties.

Are you planning to visit Nepal soon? Did you like this list of things to know before visiting Nepal? Do you think we didn’t mention some other important things about traveling to Nepal? Let us know in the comments.

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visiting nepal
visiting nepal
things to know before visiting Nepal


Saturday 8th of July 2023

Thanks for the information, any insight on tipping and where to exchange money?

Passport Symphony

Sunday 13th of August 2023

Thank you for commenting Stefanie. For the currency exchange, there are many authorised currency exchange offices that offer fair rates while tipping even though not expected is always welcomed :) I hope this helps


Monday 20th of January 2020

That's so convenient that visitors can obtain visa right at the airport. Super great tip about getting a water bottle with a purifier. That's definitely not something I'd think to bring. I've always wondered why those colorful flags mean so super interesting to learn that they represent the five elements. Seems like I'll be thoroughly prepared for any future Napal trip now!

Passport Symphony

Monday 20th of January 2020

Thanks, Jas. I am thrilled you found it interesting.

Marion Halliday

Monday 20th of January 2020

I got altitude sickness climbing Australia's highest mountain - just 2228 metres above sea level - although my unkind companions referred to it as 'unfitness'!! So it's reassuring to read that there are alternatives to trekking (yes, that copter flight looks VERY appealing!), and a lot of other things to do in Nepal. The UNESCO sites and safari parks along with Kathmandu and Pokhara would keep me busy for sure while my fitter friends go trekking!!

Passport Symphony

Monday 20th of January 2020

Great to hear that Marion. Nepal has a lot of activities to do rather than trekking.


Saturday 18th of January 2020

Nepal is such a fascinating country and these are all very good tips. I can't believe that the number of travellers that get lost is increasing every year, it's crazy! By the way, I agree with you, there are many beautiful things to consider beyond Everest, for example, I really enjoyed the area around Pokhara, truly beautiful.

Passport Symphony

Sunday 19th of January 2020

Thanks, Val. Pokhara was one of my fav places in Nepal too.

Bhushavali N

Saturday 18th of January 2020

As as Indian, I'm ashamed to tell I'm yet to visit Nepal. But then, there are so many places in India itself, that I'm yet to visit. As someone who lived in India a bit, you know the size of India!!! Nepal has been in my must-visit list for a very long time now! I've already fallen in love with it even without visiting it yet! Good to know about the TIMS, it would indeed be helpful for them to keep a tab on how many people are in the mountains, trekking! Thanks for the tip about not risking to trek alone. There are 10 UNESCO Sites in Nepal? Whoa! That's fascinating!!!

Passport Symphony

Saturday 18th of January 2020

There is always another reason to visit Nepal and it's so glad to hear that you found the aticle interesting.